Preclearance is when certain states with a history of discriminatory voting practices have to get approval from the Department of Justice before changing their voting standards. Such states include Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, Texas, most of North Carolina, and some of Virginia. The case deals with the constitutionality of preclearance and the issues of discrimination in other states besides those that discriminated during the times of civil rights battles in the 60s and 70s, as well as possible abuse by the president by way of abusing the act in certain minority or majority-centered counties.
Project 21’s Cooper pointed out: “The Voting Rights Act was never intended to be a tool for preferring one race over another or one political ideology over another. Using preclearance to obtain either goal is antithetical to equality and – I believe – unconstitutional.”