Serving time in prison doesn’t necessarily purge one’s guilt. Many a thief has been released from prison with new and “better” knowledge of how to be a successful thief - with no intention of trying. I think that’s pretty much what Mandela did. He just learned to be a better “thief.” But not only that, ignorant people throughout the world bought his “victim” status. And what is it about this colonialism? The whites were in South America before the blacks. There were a few Hottentots there, but they were already dying out. The blacks came down from the North, and much like the Palestinians in Israel, thought they could steal everything from the whites and without doing anything, live like the whites they stole from had been living. Apartheid was originally not an act to keep the blacks down - it was originally an agreement between the two peoples to keep them from slaughtering each other. But the whites eventually gained pretty much totally power, because of their advanced civilization. They knew they had to work to keep what they had. Too much of the black leadership did not understand this, so they remained with their backward culture, and became subservient to the whites. I don’t know when or how it happened that it happened that the whites completely (or almost completely) dominated the blacks, but it was almost bound to happen. Perhaps if they had put themselves out to educate the blacks (if they were amenable to it), things would have turned out differently. I don’t know enough about the intervening times between the original clash and the point at which the blacks pretty much took over. There had to be some education, of course; they couldn’t have done it otherwise. But trust was never developed, from either side, apparently.
Don’t ask me for links, I learned most of this info long before Al Gore invented the internet (and, contrary to popular belief, all the facts in the world are not on the internet), and don’t know where I got it. Except about the Hottentots, a shirt-tail relative who lived in South Africa for many years told me that one.