**Romans 5:1-11 **
5 Therefore, since we have been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. 2 Through him we have also obtained access by faith into this grace in which we stand, and we rejoice in hope of the glory of God. 3 Not only that, but we rejoice in our sufferings, knowing that suffering produces endurance, 4 and endurance produces character, and character produces hope, 5 and hope does not put us to shame, because God’s love has been poured into our hearts through the Holy Spirit who has been given to us.
6 For while we were still weak, at the right time Christ died for the ungodly. 7 For one will scarcely die for a righteous person—though perhaps for a good person one would dare even to die— 8 but God shows his love for us in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us. 9 Since, therefore, we have now been justified by his blood, much more shall we be saved by him from the wrath of God. 10 For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, now that we are reconciled, shall we be saved by his life. 11 More than that, we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received reconciliation. *
Paul completed his case that God justifies sinners on the basis of faith along, and he wrote to counter the notion that although believers receive salvation by faith, they will preserved it by good works. He argues that they are bound eternally to Jesus Christ, preserved by His power and not by human effort (Isaiah 11:5; Psalm 36:5; Lamentations 3:23; Ephesians 1:18-20; 2 Timothy 2:13; Hebrews 10:23). For the Christian, the evidences of that are peace with God (Romans 5:1), standing in grace (Romans 5:2), hope of glory (Romans 5:2-5), receiving divine love (Romans 5:5-8), certain escape of divine wrath (Romans 5:9-10), joy in the Lord (Romans 5:11).
The verb, and related words from the same Greek root for justification occur about thirty times in Romans and are concentrated in 2:13-5:1. This legal or forensic term comes from the Greek word for righteous and means “to declare righteous.” This verdict includes to pardon from the guilt and penalty of sin, and the imputation of Christ’s righteousness to the believer’s account, which provides for the positive righteousness man needs to be accepted by God. God declares a sinner righteous solely on the basis of the merits of Christ’s righteousness. God imputed a believer’s sin to Christ’s account in His sacrificial death (Isaiah 53:4-5; 1 Peter 2:24), and He imputes Christ’s perfect obedience to God’s law to Christians (Romans 5:19; 1 Corinthians 1:30; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Philippians 3:9). The sinner receives this gift of God’s grace by faith alone (Romans 3:22, 25; Romans 4:1-25). Sanctification, the work of God by which He makes righteous those whom He has already justified, is distinct from justification but without exception, always follows it (Romans 8:30). Justification is a gracious gift God extends to the repentant, believing sinner, wholly apart from human merit or work (Romans 1:5).
The imagery behind the word for redemption comes from the ancient slave market. It meant paying the necessary ransom to obtain the prisoner or slave’s release. The only adequate payment to redeem sinners from sin’s slavery and its deserved punishment was in Christ Jesus (1 Timothy 2:6), 1 Peter 1:18-19), and was paid to God to satisfy justice.
Salvation by grace through faith does not denigrate the law, but underscores its true importance. This provides a payment for the penalty of death, which the law required for failing to keep it. This fulfills the law’s original purpose, which is to serve as a tutor to show mankind’s utter inability to obey God’s righteous demands and to drive people to Christ (Galatians 3:24). This gives the believers the capacity to obey (Romans 8:3-4).