You can glance thru this quickly, suggest you take time. Below you will see 52.2 million VOTES and check out page 8 to see a breakdown by RACE. 48%+ of blacks, I was amazed, Dims claim its much lower and that MORE whites are on the govt dole…NOT TRUE by the way. Datasource is the US Census
Dynamics of Economic Well-Being: Participation in Government Programs, 2009–2012: Who Gets Assistance?
Household Economic Studies
By Shelley K. Irving and Tracy A. Loveless
Issued May 2015P70-141
This report focuses on the participation and characteristicsof people who received benefits from any of the followingmeans-tested assistance programs:1
 Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)2
 Housing Assistance
 Supplemental Security Income (SSI)
 Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF)
 General Assistance (GA)
The data come from the 2008 Panel of the Survey ofIncome and Program Participation (SIPP) and cover calen-dar years 2009 through 2012.3 The SIPP is a longitudinalsurvey, which means that, unlike periodic point-in-time
1 Means-tested programs are those that require the income and/orassets of an individual or family to fall below speci ed thresholds in orderto qualify for bene ts. There may be additional eligibility requirements
to receive these programs, which provide cash and noncash assistance toeligible individuals and families.
2 The Food Stamp Program was renamed the Supplemental NutritionAssistance Program (SNAP) in 2008.
3 The 2008 Panel followed the same individuals over a period of 64months from May 2008 to November 2013. The data in this report werecollected from February 2009 through April 2013 in Waves 2–14 of the2008 SIPP. The population represented (the population universe) is thecivilian, noninstitutionalized population living in the United States. Thesample of households in SIPP is divided into four interview groups calledrotation groups. Each month, one of the four rotation groups is interviewedabout the previous 4 months (the reference period). For more detail on theinterview procedures, interview waves, or rotation groups, see Chapter 2 ofthe SIPP User’s Guide at <www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/programs-surveys/sipp/methodology/SIPP_USERS_Guide_Chapter2_2009.pdf>.
U.S. Department of CommerceEconomics and Statistics AdministrationU.S. CENSUS BUREAU
surveys, such as the Current Population Survey (CPS), theSIPP follows the same people over time.4 This longitudinalquality allows examination of the SIPP sample from twoperspectives. First, it is possible to observe the same people over aspan of time. The number of months within a period oftime when individuals received benefits from one or moremeans-tested assistance programs can be examined, andentry and exit activity for each program can be measured.For example, the number, timing, and duration of peoplemoving into and out of a particular situation within a timeperiod can be studied, such as the length of time an indi-vidual continuously receives program benefits. Second, a population of interest can be analyzed at singlepoints of time over regular intervals measuring grossactivity levels. This cross-sectional perspective captureschanges over time in the level of an activity, such as theproportion of the population receiving assistance from aparticular program at selected points in time. This report examines means-tested program participationrates and the extent to which the programs are used. The 4 The longitudinal estimates presented here are based on people whowere interviewed in all waves of the reference period or for whom imputedinformation exists. E orts were made during the life of the panel to ensurethat the sample remained representative of the civilian, noninstitutionalizedpopulation of the United States by attempting to follow people who movedto their new address. If the people included in the estimates have di er-ent experiences in program participation than those who did not respondinitially, left the sample, or missed two or more consecutive waves, theselongitudinal estimates may be biased.
appendix tables display the aver-age monthly participation rates inmajor means-tested programs byselected characteristics and medianmonthly benefit amounts.
In 2012, approximately** 52.2 mil-lion people, or 21.3 percent of thepopulation, participated in one ormore major means-tested assistanceprograms, on average, each month.**5
In 2012, the average monthly par-ticipation rate for Medicaid (15.3percent) was higher than those forSNAP (13.4 percent), housing assis-tance (4.2 percent), SSI (3.0 per-cent), and TANF/GA (1.0 percent).
About three-quarters of peopleliving in poverty who ever receivedbenefits from a major means-testedprogram between January 2009and December 2012 participatedbetween 37 and 48 months duringthat time.
The average monthly participationrate for children under 18 increasedfrom 34.6 percent in 2009 to 39.2
5 Estimates in this report (which may beshown in text, gures, and tables) are basedon responses from a sample of the populationand may di er from actual values because
of sampling variability or other factors. As
a result, apparent di erences between theestimates for two or more groups may not bestatistically signi cant. All comparative state-ments have undergone statistical testing andare signi cant at the 90 percent con dencelevel unless otherwise noted.
PROGRAM PARTICIPATION This section investigates the degree of involvement in means-testedassistance programs using the following three concepts, each of whichexplores a different aspect of program participation.1 • Average monthly program participation rates: These areannual-average rates—one for each of the years 2009, 2010, 2011,and 2012. The measure represents the share of the group receivingassistance, on average, during each month of the year in question.The rate is a weighted average of the 12 monthly (cross-sectional)estimates of the proportion of people in the group who participatedin means-tested assistance programs.
 Program participation for 1 or more months in a (specified)year: Percentages are presented for 2009 to 2012. The measurerepresents the proportion of people who took part in any means-tested assistance program at any time during a specified year. It is ameasure of gross activity and represents the population as it existedat the end of the year in question.
 Accumulated months of participation in major means-testedprograms in the 48-month period from January 2009 toDecember 2012: This measure is based on the number of accumu-lated (not necessarily consecutive) months a person participated inmeans-tested assistance programs throughout the entire 48-monthtime span. For purposes of this report, people who participatedbetween 1 and 12 months in the 48-month time span are consideredshorter-term participants, while people who participated between 37and 48 months during this time are considered longer-term partici-pants. This analysis includes only people who participated in one ormore major means-tested programs for 1 or more months during the48-month period. This analysis is limited to respondents who were inthe sample for the entire 48-month period and represents the popula-tion at the end of the period.
1 A person is a program participant if he or she receives bene ts from the program or iscovered under the allotment of someone else’s bene ts. For example, in a given month, twopeople in a household received SNAP bene ts and two additional people in the household arecovered by the bene t. In this case, the number of people from that household who partici-pated in the food stamp program for that month would be counted as “four.”